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Legal and Regularoty Aspects

por fabricio.fagundes publicado 30/05/2018 18h38, última modificação 30/05/2018 18h38

Legal and regulatory aspects

Established by Law No. 11.182, dated September 27th, 2005, The National Civil Aviation Agency - ANAC/Brazil started its activities in 2006, with the publication in 2006 of Presidential Decree No. 5.731, replacing the former Department of Civil Aviation (DAC).

According to Law No. 11.182/2005, ANAC:• Represents Brazil in conventions, treaties, agreements and international air transport acts (excepting for air traffic control and aeronautical accidents investigation matters) together with other countries or international civil aviation organizations;

  • Establishes the concession model for airport infrastructure, to be submitted to the President of Brazil;
  • Provides air services grants;
  • Provides resources for airports of strategic importance, airports of economic interest and airports of importance for tourism;
  • Provides grants or permissions for the commercial exploration of air services.


Law Number 11.182/2005 establishes ANAC’s main responsibilities:

  • To implement the Brazilian civil aviation policy;
  • To develop studies, to establish rules, to implement international civil aviation rules and recommendations in accordance with international agreements, treaties and conventions in which Brazil takes part;
  • To regulate and inspect services performed by foreign airlines in Brazil;
  • To designate Brazilian airlines for international operations;
  • To regulate and inspect air services; aeronautical products and processes; the training of specialized personnel; auxiliary services; civil aviation safety; air transport facilitation; crew licensing processes; pollutants emissions and aeronautical noise; reservation systems; transportation of passengers and cargo; and other civil aviation activities;
  • To establish security rules for aircraft and airports, including those related to the transportation of dangerous goods;
  • To regulate and inspect air services providers and airport operators in order to prevent the use of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances by crew members or maintenance and operation personnel;
  • To authorize, regulate and inspect air services in Brazil;
  • To confiscate aeronautical goods and products of civil use which do not comply with legal specifications;
  • To inspect civil aviation aircraft, their components, equipment – including crew licenses – and maintenance services aiming at ensuring compliance with flight safety rules;
  • To administer the Brazilian Aeronautical Register (Registro Aeronáutico Brasileiro – RAB);
  • To regulate landing and take-off permits for civil aircraft;
  • To administratively mediate conflicts of interest among air services providers and airport and aeronautical infrastructure providers;
  • To approve airport master plans;
  • To homologate, register and classify aerodromes; to inspect compliance with technical requirements for the construction, renovation and improvement of aerodromes and also to issue approvals for their operation;
  • To issue rules and establish minimum flight safety, performance and efficiency standards to be fulfilled by air services providers and airport and aeronautical infrastructure providers, including equipment, materials, products and processes and services supplied;
  • To issue airworthiness certificates;
  • To regulate, inspect and authorize air services provided by flight training organizations and other civil aviation courses;
  • To take part in the Brazilian Aeronautical Accidents Investigation and Prevention System (SIPAER).